Gum Disease

Most adults in the UK have gum disease to some degree, and most people experience it at least once. It’s much less common in children.

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What is gum disease?

Gum disease is inflammation of gum caused by deposition of tartar on teeth as a result of improper brushing.

What are signs of gum disease?

If you have gum disease, your gums may bleed when you brush your teeth and you may have bad breath. This early stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis.

If gingivitis is not treated, a condition called periodontitis can develop. This affects the tissues that support teeth and hold them in place.

If periodontitis is not treated, the bone in your jaw may be damaged and small spaces can open up between the gum and teeth.

Your teeth can become loose and may eventually fall out.

What causes gum disease?

Gum disease is caused by a build-up of plaque on the teeth. Plaque is a sticky substance that contains bacteria.

If you do not remove plaque from your teeth by brushing them, it builds up and irritates your gums.

This can lead to redness with bleeding, swelling and soreness.

There are other reasons that can cause gum disease such as smoking,pregnancy,some medical condition. The gum disease can run in family as well.

How can I avoid Gum disease?

Mild cases of gum disease can usually be treated by maintaining a good level of oral hygiene.

In most cases, your dentist or dental hygienist will be able to give your teeth a thorough clean and remove any hardened plaque (tartar).

They’ll also be able to show you how to clean your teeth effectively to help prevent plaque building up in the future.

If you have severe gum disease, you’ll usually need to have further medical and dental treatment.

In some cases, surgery may need to be carried out. This will usually be performed by a specialist in gum problems (periodontics).

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